A campaigning organisation that works for rights, equality and development across Southern Africa has estimated that the Southern African Development Community (SADC), which comprises 16 member states, lost around US$8.8 billion in trade-related illicit outflows in 2015 alone.

Action for Southern Africa (ACTSA) says this is a conservative estimate because there is no data for the Democratic Republic of Congo, only the SADC region’s trade with the ‘Global North’ is considered, and misinvoicing of trade in services is not covered.

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